Florida, the Sunshine State, is located on the same latitude as Egypt. It is an approximately 850 km long peninsula and in the north virtually no wider than 250 km. The area is over 150,000 km2 (approximately four times The Netherlands, or five times Belgium).
It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean (the warm Gulf Stream) in the east and the Gulf of Mexico in the west.
In the north adjacent to Florida State and Georgia and Alabama in the extreme south, in the town of Key West, the flow of
Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico collapsed.
Florida is lowland and crossed by rivers: the highest point - in Lakewood near Alabama - is barely 110 meters high.
There are two climate zones: a tropical, from under Bradenton to Vero Beach (South Florida), and a subtropical above this line
The average temperature in spring, summer, autumn and winter is 25 degrees C, 29 º C, 25 º C and 20 º C.
In North Florida these values are 2 to 3 degrees lower. (Because we are talking about averages, it is not
excluded that your Christmas or New Year's Eve will be at a temperature of around 25 degrees Celsius
in Miami Beach or the Florida Keys on the beach.) In the biggest part of Florida the sun nearly always shines.
St. Petersburg on the Gulf of Mexico is saying, not without pride, that they have an average of 361 days of sunshine a year.
From June to September it can be, especially against the evening, raining.
The state of Florida has from June 1 until October 31 the hurricane season. In the winter there can be some snow in the subtropical
area. In the tropical zone this is a very large rarity
(in Key West, for example, it never freezes).
Florida has 165 rivers and more than 30,000 large and small lakes.
The largest is Okeechobee covering an area of 2000 km2, 50 km west of West Palm Beach in central Florida.
The state has 13 million inhabitants and more than 44 million visitors who annually come and enjoy the
sun, the beaches, scenic beauty and countless other attractions. Let this number not discourage you:
Tourist accommodation is everywhere so great that you will not notice these stream of visitors.
Florida has 325000 hotel and motel rooms.
There are more than 500 camps with about 165,000 camping sites.
Florida is especially popular during the winter months (december until april), which is the most expensive
season in terms of hotel accommodation. In the summer prices are significantly lower. Despite the thousands
of hotels and motels that the state counts, it is, especially in the winter, timely advisable to book in advance.
Florida, with California and Texas, one of the fastest growing States of America, where each year more than 150,000
people permanently settle. Among them are many over-65, they want to enjoy the beautiful environment.
The capital of Florida is Tallahassee. Other large cities are Miami, Jacksonville, Fort Lauderdale, Tampa,
St. Petersburg and Orlando.
A brief history
Florida is discovered in 1513 by the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon.
This nobleman was with a group of adventurous companions in search of the legendary source of eternal youth, which he obviously
never found. However, he discovered an untouched, only by a number of Indians populated peninsula, which Ponce de Leon
immediately in the name of the Spanish king demanded.